By Michael Walzer
From the Athenian assault on Melos to the My Lai bloodbath, from the wars within the Balkans during the first battle in Iraq, Michael Walzer examines the ethical concerns surrounding army idea, conflict crimes, and the spoils of battle. He reviews quite a few conflicts over the process background, in addition to the testimony of these who've been such a lot without delay involved--participants, selection makers, and sufferers. In his creation to this new version, Walzer in particular addresses the ethical matters surrounding the struggle in and career of Iraq, reminding us once more that "the argument approximately conflict and justice continues to be a political and ethical necessity." </Div>
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Extra info for Just And Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument With Historical Illustrations
We can talk in a similar way about the crucial moral decision that Henry made toward the end of the battle, when the English thought their victory secure. They had taken many prisoners, who were loosely assembled behind the lines. Suddenly, a French attack aimed at the supply tents far in the rear seemed to threaten a renewal of the fighting. Here is Holinshed's sixteenth century account of the incident ( virtually copied from an earlier chronicle ) : 12 . . certain Frenchmen on horseback . .
A century and a half later, David Hume gives a similar account, without the irony, stressing instead the king's eventual cancellation of his order: 14 . . some gentlemen of Picardy . . had fallen upon the English baggage, and were doing execution on the unarmed followers of the camp, who fled before them. Henry, seeing the enemy on all sides of him, began to entertain apprehensions from his prisoners; and he thought it necessary to issue a general order for putting them to death; but On discovering the truth, he stopped the slaughter, and was still able to save a great number.
And we might go on to argue, in the case of THE MORAL REALITY OF WAR the general, that such a man has no business fighting or leading others in battle, that he ought to know that his army's right flank, say, is vulnerable, and ought to worry about the danger and take steps to avoid it. Once again, the case is the same with moral de cisions : soldiers and statesmen ought to know the dangers of cruelty and injustice and worry about them and take steps to avoid them. Historical Relativism Against this view, however, Hobbist relativism is often given a social or historical form: moral and strategic knowledge, it is said, changes over time or varies among political communities, and so what appears to me as ignorance may look like understanding to someone else.