By Michelle Corrodi, Klaus Spechtenhauser
Just like open operating and residing areas flooded with gentle has, greater than the other, develop into mounted in our minds as an emblem of modernity and the spirit of the days. whereas the office has constantly been the focal point of ergonomic reports and optimization with admire to an excellent provision of sunlight, huge glass surfaces have now develop into the order of the day for dwelling areas to boot. yet does this instantly make for larger illumination? Taking this question as its start line, the ebook Illuminating thematizes important features of sunshine making plans, together with the relationship among the supply of sunlight and architectural layout, construction orientation, the character of the facade, the floor plan, convenience, and the proportions and surroundings of rooms. within the method, common features and basic ideas in addition to sophisticated elements of an clever therapy of sunlight are mentioned and severely tested inside of an increased structure- and culture-historical context.
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Extra info for Illuminating: Natural Light in Residential Architecture
While the majority of today’s success ful players demonstrate little willingness to leave the beaten track and take a path that deviates from the norm. Now as ever, the spatial subdivisions of the Modern Movement are adhered to, in which sleeping, living, cooking, and eating were broken down into separate activities and assigned a special room or oriented toward a par ticular point of the compass. Thus sleeping must at all costs be done facing east, while living and eating faced south or west.
On the whole, the diversity of the solutions worked out from the 1950s and 1960s onward reflects a critical digestion of prewar trends—both in efforts to continue the development and attempts to create alternative models. Alongside a freer approach to row developments, the introduc tion of new types of residential building offered welcome accents and led to an articulation and loosening up of the city. From the end of the 1950s onward, the point-block or linear-block high-rise quickly became very important in urban contexts, while more terrace buildings were found on the outskirts of towns and in agglomerations.
That was an expense that only paid off if the number of apartments was large. When the depth of the build ing was too great, however, it worsened lighting conditions in apartments that open on only one side. Only the apartments in the privileged corner locations were assured of light from two sides. 63 Walter Gropius, Project for a slab-form high-rise, 1931.